12 Reasons you have that burning sensation in your vagina and how to treat it – Part 2

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6. Trichomoniasis

Trichomoniasis (trich) is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) in the United States. It’s more common in women than in men. Many women with infection don’t have any symptoms.

When symptoms do occur, they include:

  • irritation and itching in the genital area
  • thin or frothy discharge that can be clear, white, yellow, or green
  • very foul-smelling odour
  • discomfort during intercourse and urination
  • lower abdominal pain

How to treat this

Trich is treated with a prescription antibiotic. In most cases, a single dose is all that’s needed. Both you and your partner will need to be treated before having intercourse again.

If left untreated, trich can increase your risk for other STDs and lead to long-term complications.

7. Gonorrhea

Gonorrhea is an STD. It’s especially common in young adults, ages 15 to 24.

Like many STDs, gonorrhea rarely produces symptoms. In most cases, an STD test is the only way to know for sure if you have this STD.

If you do experience symptoms, they may include:

  • mild burning and irritation in the vagina
  • painful burning and irritation while urinating
  • unusual discharge
  • bleeding or spotting between periods

How to treat this

Gonorrhea is easily cured with a single-dose prescription antibiotic.

If left untreated, gonorrhea can lead to serious complications, such as pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) and infertility.

8. Chlamydia

Chlamydia is another common STD. Like many STDs, it may not cause symptoms.

When symptoms do occur, they may include a burning sensation while urinating and abnormal discharge.

How to treat this

Chlamydia is cured with prescription antibiotics. But if left untreated, chlamydia can cause permanent damage to your reproductive system. This may make it difficult to conceive.

Repeat infection with chlamydia is common. Each subsequent infection increases your risk of fertility issues. Chlamydia is also a reportable STD. This means it’s important enough for health professionals to know about and track.

9. Genital herpes

Genital herpes is another common STD. According to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), 1 out of every 6 people ages 14 to 49 has it in the United States.

When symptoms do occur, they’re often mild and may go unnoticed. Sores caused by genital herpes often resemble a pimple or ingrown hair.

These blisters may occur around the vagina, rectum, or mouth.

How to treat this

There isn’t a cure for genital herpes. It’s a virus that stays in your body. Prescription medication can reduce your risk of outbreaks and shorten the flare-up’s duration.

It’s important to remember that although the medication lessens your symptoms, it doesn’t prevent the STD from spreading to your partner. Talk to your healthcare professional about what you can due to reduce the chance transmission.

10. Genital warts from HPV

Genital warts are caused by human papillomavirus (HPV). HPV is the most common STD in the United States.

These warts may appear:

  • on your vulva, vagina, cervix, or anus
  • as white or skin-coloured bumps
  • as one or two bumps, or in clusters

How to treat this

There isn’t a cure for genital warts. Genital warts may go away on their own without treatment, though.

However, some people may opt for removal to reduce discomfort. Removing warts also decreases your risk of passing the infection to your partner.

The CDC, American Academy of Family Physicians, and more recommend that preteens receive an HPV vaccine before they’re sexually active. HPV is connected to cancer of the anus, cervix, and other areas of the body.

11. Lichen sclerosis

Lichen sclerosis is a rare skin condition. It causes thin, white patches to develop on the skin of the vagina. These patches are especially common around the vulva. They can cause permanent scarring.

Postmenopausal women are more likely to develop lichen sclerosis, but it can develop in women at any age.

How to treat this

If you suspect lichen sclerosis, see your doctor. They’ll prescribe a strong steroid cream to help reduce your symptoms. Your doctor will also need to watch for permanent complications like thinning of the skin and scars.

12. Menopause

As you approach menopause, the decrease in estrogen can cause many symptoms.

Vaginal burning is one of them. Intercourse may make the burning worse. Extra lubrication is often needed.

You may also experience:

  • fatigue
  • hot flashes
  • irritability
  • insomnia
  • night sweats
  • reduced sex drive

How to treat this

If you think you’re experiencing symptoms of menopause, see your healthcare provider. They may prescribe estrogen supplements or other hormone therapies to help relieve your symptoms. These are usually available as creams, tablets, or vaginal inserts.

Hormonal supplements aren’t for everyone. Talk to your doctor to see what’s right for you.

When to see your doctor

Some causes for vaginal burning will get better on their own. However, if the burning persists and you begin developing other symptoms, make an appointment to see your doctor.

In many cases, your doctor will be able to prescribe a medication to cure the underlying condition. In others, your healthcare provider may work with you to develop a long-term treatment plan.

 

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