Fingers swell for a lot of reasons and many of them are harmless. It is usually due to inflammation or fluid buildup.
This can be due to an insect bite, an injury like a sprained or jammed finger, a rash, fluid retention, an infection, exposure to extreme temperature, high salt intake or hormonal changes in the body.
It can also be a result of an underlying health problem, such as bursitis, carpal tunnel syndrome, cellulitis, ganglion cyst, fungal infection around the nail, osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis and septic arthritis, to name a few.
Here are the 4 ways to treat swollen fingers.
1. Contrast Hydrotherapy
Both cold and warm water treatments, popularly known as hydrotherapy, can help with finger swelling. Fill 2 small bowls– one with cold water and the other with warm water. First, soak the affected finger in warm water for 3 to 4 minutes.
Then, put the finger in the cold water for 1 minute. Continue alternating steps 2 and 3 for 15 to 20 minutes. Repeat the treatment 3 or 4 times daily until you get relief.
2. Elevate the Affected Fingers
Poor circulation is one of the key reasons behind swelling in any part of the body, including the fingers.
To reduce swelling due to poor circulation, elevate your hands and fingers above your chest level. Keep the swollen fingers elevated above your chest level. You can sit on a sofa, put a few pillows on its armrest and rest your hand on it.
To keep the fingers elevated while sleeping put a few pillows under your hands.
Keep your hands and fingers elevated for 30 minutes a few times a day.
See Also: 5 home remedies for Geographic Tongue
3. Warm Oil Massage
Massage relaxes sore muscles, stimulates the muscles and improves blood circulation to the affected area. As a bonus, massage encourages drainage of excess fluid, which is a leading cause of swelling.
Warm some mustard oil or olive oil in the microwave. Dab some of the warm oil on the affected finger. Using the thumb and forefinger of one hand, gently massage the swollen finger on the opposite hand, starting at the tip of the finger and moving toward your heart. Massage for 5 minutes at a time. Do this several times a day.
4. Exercise the Fingers
Exercise causes more blood flow to the area, which stimulates the pressure to reduce fluid retention. Exercise will also reduce strain on the muscles around the affected area.
Remove any rings before exercising your fingers. Close your fingers into a fist and hold it for 1 minute. Slowly open the fist and stretch out your fingers. Repeat the cycle several times. Do this exercise many times a day.