There are basically two types of anemia which can affect a pregnant woman: iron deficiency anemia and anemia due to folic acid deficiency.
IRON DEFICIENCY ANAEMIA
Iron-deficiency anemia is the most common form of anemia during pregnancy.
The need for iron increases during pregnancy and especially around the 4th or 5th month; this, along with other circumstances(twins, poor absorption, an increase in the volume of blood), and the fact that the amount that can be absorbed by the intestine is limited can cause important deficiency levels.
ANEMIA DUE TO FOLIC ACID DEFICIENCY(MEGALOBLASTIC)
This type of anemia Is not common. If it appears during pregnancy, it is due to the lack of folic acid, a vitamin of the B complex. This may also be due to a lack of vitamin B12.
TREATMENT OF ANAEMIA
-IRON DEFICIENCY ANAEMIA
A balanced diet, with vegetables and legumes high in iron like soybean, turkey, sardines, oats and barley, apple juice, lamb chops, spinach, egg yolk, dried figs, dried tiger nut e.t.c
Contains sufficient amounts of iron for a healthy woman.
But the increase in need of a pregnant woman means that she should take an iron supplement.
All pregnant women should take iron supplements after the third month of a pregnancy and should be tested for deficiency.
-ANAEMIA DUE TO FOLIC ACID DEFICIENCY
This anemia should be treated with vitamin supplements, since a deficiency of folic acid can cause problems in the development of the embryo and fetus, and can cause malformations and miscarriages.
Folic acid is found in abundance in the green, leafy vegetables.
A diet rich in vegetables is the best form of prevention, and the best form of treatment when there is a deficiency in folic acid.
Such foods include cabbage, beetroot, kidneys of various animals, dates, tangerine, eggs, pizza, tomato, asparagus, melon, cauliflower, almonds, liver of various animals e.t.c