Why would hair grow on some women’s faces the way it grows on most men’s faces? The answer to this question is that men and women are not completely as different as most people imagine. Women actually have measurable amounts of androgens (male hormones which form hair) in their blood. When a woman has unusually high levels of androgens in the blood, she can start to grow hair in places that most women don’t.
In some cases, the extra androgen comes from medications. Some birth control pills as well as certain steroids which contain the androgen hormone, or have effects similar to androgens. Other drugs indirectly cause the body to make extra androgen; these include some medicines to treat schizophrenia, seizures, migraine headaches, bipolar disorder and high blood pressure.Other abnormality in the ovaries, the adrenal glands or the pituitary gland can induce overproduction of androgens. One such (common) condition is polycystic ovarian syndrome.
Short term treatment for facial hair can range from:
- Plucking, shaving, waxing or depilatory creams.
- Laser hair-removal techniques which use light to generate heat inside hair follicles, destroying their ability to produce hair.
- Electrolysis which also destroys the ability of the follicles to grow hair by using electricity to produce heat within the hair follicles. It may leave small areas of scarring.
Long-term treatments medical treatments include:
- Estrogen-containing medicines. Several medicines, including birth control pills that contain both estrogen and progesterone, can alter the impact of androgens.
- Anti-androgen medicines.