French minister of armed forces, Florence Parly, has announced her country will be deploying ground troops to the “three borders” area of Burkina Faso.
During a visit to the country’s capital, Ouagadougou, she said on Monday, “the launch of operation ‘Bourgou 4’ will be led by Barkhane [France’s military operation in the Sahel region of Africa], but with the eminent contribution of two Burkinabe companies. The operation will take place in the coming days in the three border area, which is where there is most need.”
Sources in Burkina Faso suggest the operation has already started and is being carried out at the request of the Burkinabe authorities.
The move represents an expansion of France’s operation in the Sahel which, until now, has deployed the majority of its 4,500 troops to other countries in the region including Mali, Niger and Chad over five years.
Although it has given air support to Burkinabe troops and small numbers of French troops are known to have operated in the country for some time, Parly’s announcement represents France’s first major commitment of ground troops in Burkina Faso.
Mathieu Pellerin, an analyst for the International Crisis Group, a think-tank based in Brussels, told Al Jazeera: “Even if this French deployment may limit the ability of jihadist groups to expand, we can expect jihadist activities to transition towards areas that will not be directly targeted by French operations in the western, southern and eastern parts of Burkina Faso like jihadist groups have always done.”
The “three borders area” of the country is where Burkina Faso’s border meets those of Mali and Niger, a region that has seen much of the violence carried out by armed groups since 2015.
Troops from other countries allied under the G5 Sahel Force, a military alliance set up by Sahelian countries to combat armed rebellion activities in the region, will also participate in the operation.
Some in Burkina Faso are against the involvement of French troops in the country and see it as symbolic of too much French influence and a throwback to the colonisation era.
“The Burkinabe who oppose it think that … if the French soldiers are there it is to protect either [France’s] interests or to settle on resource-rich areas and plunder on behalf of France,” Basidou Kinda, a local journalist who covers security in the region, told Al Jazeera.
However, the Burkinabe army has so far proven incapable of preventing the conflict alone.
“The deteriorating situation is worrying and the Burkinabe authorities have been forced to call on French support to try to limit this degradation – even if they are concerned about the degree to which they can keep control of military operations,” Pellerin said.
Other Burkinabes welcomed the French military deployment. An editorial on the news site Le Pays said: “While waiting to see the operationalisation of this great fight against jihadists … we can welcome this good news.”