The average period of a menstruation cycle is between 21-35 days. Any other figure out of this range is considered irregular. In most of the cases, irregular periods are not an issue to worry about, but sometimes they indicate health complications.
Causes of irregular periods
Several things could cause an irregular cycle. Most of the causes are some of the things people have to deal with in their daily life such as stress and irregular sleep patterns.
Women experience irregular periods at the end of their menstrual years when they reach perimenopause and menopause.
When a person is stressed, cortisol hormone interferes with the normal hormone balance. Cortisol hormone determines how much estrogen and progesterone are produced.
- Weight changes
Weight dictates how much hormones will be produced by the body. When the fat level is below or above average, it messes with the menstrual cycle resulting in irregular periods.
Some medications like ibuprofen, aspirin, Coumadin, and naproxen can affect the production of estrogen and progesterone, which in turn leads to irregular periods.
- Polycystic ovary syndrome, PCOS
Tiny cysts on the ovaries characterise this disorder. This condition is quite prevalent. The cysts lead to irregular periods as well as other disorders such as infertility, increased risks of heart diseases and diabetes, and weight gain.
This is a condition whereby the lining of the uterus grows outside the uterus. This condition causes severe pelvic pain, irregular periods, and infertility. Irregular periods are the most prevalent symptom of endometriosis.
Dangers of irregular periods
Women with irregular menstruation have increased possibilities of having ovarian cancer and dying from it.
When women should worry about it
Irregular periods are normal. Nevertheless, if you have several missed periods, or you notice certain irregular periods, it is advisable to see your gynaecologist as there may be an underlying complication.