Nowadays, we can see how a centrifugal force is transferring family responsibilities to schools.
All we need to do is to look at the proliferation of nurseries and kindergartens for ages that were previously under the care of the family: parents, grandparents, uncles and aunts.
At the same time, we see that age of emancipation for youth and their entrance into the productive circle is being delayed progressively more and more. This, among other reasons, is due to the increase of the training period.
Some countries prolong compulsory schooling to the age of 16. Then, most young people continue their education into college and university.
SCHOOL MUST LOOK TO THE FUTURE
The situation becomes progressively more complex because education is today’s preparation of tomorrow’s adults. The school must predict the future, somehow.
In the past societies where changes happened at a slower rate, these predictions were easier to make. Today events overtake predictions. Technical and scientific advances increase at a spectacular rate. Educational institutions, at all levels, are overtaken in a short space of time.
SOCIETY AND SCHOOLS IN CRISIS
It is precisely these progressively more complex situations that are causing schools to be in crisis.
Many voices proclaim that the increasing infantile and adolescent delinquency, drugs and violence are an unmistakable sign that their purpose to achieve a fairer and more organised society.
The truth is that the crisis is in society itself, which then, in turn, relays it to all its component parts.
The school is neither an enclosure nor an island, but simply the result if a changing society.